In addition to being drawn by the great genius Leonardo da Vinci, what else makes Mona Lisa special?
One of the reasons many people call the Mona Lisa picture is a hallucinogenic painting is because of the techniques that Leonardo used to paint. He used a technique called sfumato (evaporated in Italian as smoke). This is a technique that creates smooth and smooth transitions between tones, requiring extremely high meticulousness from artisans. Leonardo painted a first layer of painting, then let it dry, and continued drawing the next layer and overlapping it. He has done more than 100 drawing classes to complete the Mona Lisa, which is why it is time-consuming to complete the Mona Lisa.
Because the painting is made up of many layers, the details of the Mona Lisa will also change as we look at the different points on the picture. The sfumato technique is also what makes the illusion of smiles that many people often see in Mona Lisa. When we look into her eyes, we are affected by a phenomenon called peripheral vision, which is the view when it appears outside the fixed point. When we look at Mona Lisa’s eyes, we will see her laughing. But when we look down at her lips, that smile disappears again. That’s what happens when sfumato technology is applied perfectly, thanks to the layers of paint that the shadow diagram created makes us affected by peripheral vision.
In addition, there is another illusion that few people mention, it is the Mona Lisa who can turn away.
The background of the painting is divided into two parts, with the Mona Lisa being the character that separates the two parts. When we first look at it, we mistakenly think their depth is the same, but it’s not so, the background on the left side of the Mona Lisa is closer to the viewer than the right background. So when we roll our eyes across the picture, we seem to be able to see the Mona Lisa facing our gaze.
The fiery story behind the main character
There are many rumors about Mona Lisa; One of the most likely hypotheses is that Leonardo da Vinci has an emotional relationship with the main character of the painting.
Known as Mona Lisa, real name Lisa Gherardini, she is an honorable Italian woman and wife of Francesco Del Giocando, a silk businessman in Florence. Francesco was the one who asked Leonardo to paint the portrait of his wife. And although the picture was finished, Leonardo never gave it to Francesco. Instead, he hung the picture in his bedroom for a while, then handed it to the Louvre in Paris, France.
Many studies have also shown that the texture of the Mona Lisa is identical to the one Leonardo painted in 1512. Many people believe that the Mona Lisa is the female version of Leonardo da Vinci, and the Mona Lisa is also a picture. self-sketch. And although this theory sounds pretty cool, no one can explain why Leonardo painted himself a woman.
In addition, there is a second Mona Lisa, also drawn by the genius Leonardo da Vinci, and named the Isleworth Mona Lisa. In this painting, Leonardo also uses all the techniques he applied to the original Mona Lisa. The explanation for this can only be one of two hypotheses:
1. Leonardo is testing because he wants the original drawing to be perfect.
2. He wants to keep a picture for himself (For the original purpose Leonardo painted Mona Lisa is for business customers, as mentioned above).
Mona Lisa also provides scope for current research and analysis because of the correspondence with many issues of the Renaissance (Renaissance Humanism, gender ambiguity, …). This is also the reason why Mona Lisa is the main topic of many historical debates and research.
The glorious past
The most important reason is that, bringing Mona Lisa to everyone’s attention, is … a robbery.
In 1911, after being robbed by Vincenzo Peruggia, an Italian repairman, the painting received a lot of attention. Before that, almost no one cared about the Mona Lisa. When the Mona Lisa was stolen there was still no one to notice, even those working in the Louvre at that time. A visitor accidentally noticed four empty hooks and told a security guard. After the museum reviewed the paintings, they realized that the Mona Lisa had been lost, then the investigation was officially started. Hold the picture of Mona Lisa, Peruggia back to Florence, Italy, Mona Lisa’s true home town. There he met an art critic and offered to sell the painting to him. However, the critic immediately doubted the origin of the painting and called the police, causing Peruggia to be arrested and taken away.
A lot of people have been suspected: From the big businessmen, to the small bandits, even Pablo Picasso was once suspected, he had to go to court but later released.
Within two days after the painting was restored, more than 100,000 people came to admire the Mona Lisa. Today, more than 8 million people go to the Louvre every year, just to see a picture and wonder why this picture is so famous.